The most significant and most definitely the best-known religious city on Earth is the Holy City of Jerusalem. There is no other place on the Earth where can you find such a concentration of sites sacred to three major world religions: Christianity, Islam and Judaism. This ancient city which is surrounded by a 465-year old wall and it is a home to one that is among the holiest of Jewish sites, never fails to astonish visitors with the extraordinary religious history.
Church of the Holy Sepulchre
This is the holiest place by tradition for Orthodox and Catholic Christians and this is the place of Jesus’ resurrection, crucifixion, and burial. This place was completed in 335AD, and its church having been constructed on the foundations of an ancient Roman temple to Venus. Underneath the church’s rotunda there is a two-room chapel, and that is the actual tomb is inside the Edicule. For the different denominations there are separate prayer times.
This place is an ancient, large elevated platform in the Old City of Jerusalem with a multifaceted religious significance. It took its shape from the construction of the First and Second Jewish
Temples, historically. Today, at its center is the Dome of the Rock. Dome of the Rock is ornate Islamic shrine built in 691 and it is Islam’s third holiest site as it marks the spot of Abraham’s offering of Ishmael and the Prophet Mohammed heavenward rise.
It also covers the Foundation Stone which is considered as the holiest site in Judaism. Also part of the Temple Mount, The Dome of the Rock is nearby to the Al-Aqsa Mosque Also, you need to know that The Temple Mount – beside it is beautiful, it can also be a place of high tension as it has been a flashpoint in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Access to this place is heavily restricted and visitors should expect tight security controls, regardless of religious background.
The Western Wall
This wall is also known as the Wailing Wall and it is one of Judaism’s most holy sites. It forms part of the western side of the holy site of the Temple Mount. The wall is the impressive remainder of Jerusalem’s Second Temple, which the Romans destroyed in 70 CE. Despite the temple’s destruction – according to Jewish tradition – the divine presence never left. The hush that envelops the plaza in front of it as Jews approach the base of the wall to pray is also captivating, while the wall itself stands as an inspiring archaeological record from the time of King Herod. From all over the world, Jews come here to place prayer notes in the wall’s crevices. Also, you need to know that The Western Wall is a holy site. On this place visitors have to put on a kippa before approaching the wall. Kippa is a small Jewish skullcap. Besides that, there is a separate area of the wall for female visitors. So, if you are going to this Holy City of Jerusalem, these are the three main places that you should visit. The best thing to visit these places is with the group.